Covid-19 survey in Sardinia: distance learning and school drop-out (2022)
Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted several critical issues in the Italian school system, some of which were already known, some of which were hidden. It has underlined the link between the school institution as a whole and the other levels of the system.
The sudden and compulsory transition from the traditional schooling method to distance learning, which became necessary to provide educational and training continuity to children and young people who have had the terrible experience of seeing their lives turned upside down in a very short time, has exacerbated numerous weaknesses and inequalities already present in our school organisation.
The problems of fairness, unequal access to material and educational resources that hinder participation, those linked to an imperfect and incomplete training of the teaching staff, and the structural problems that historically prevent real progress in Italian schools have revealed the current and serious educational lack, being worsened by the health crisis.
Despite all the obstacles, the school was able to react with great promptness, revolutionising in a short time – albeit with many limitations and wide margins for improvement – an educational system that had appeared frozen in its impasse for several decades.
The survey on distance learning and school drop-out carried out by Eurispes in Sardinian schools was aimed at finding out the percentage of pupils who, due to the Covid-19 pandemic and the necessary measures to contain it in the school environment, stopped attending school in the two school years that have just passed and how many are at risk of dropping out.
More specifically, the survey was structured to address the following aspects: how many minors have encountered difficulties with distance learning; what were the main obstacles encountered during the periods of activation of Distance Learning; how many minors are at risk of overt and covert school drop-out.
The survey involved 694 students from lower and upper secondary schools.