’Ndrangheta holding – 2008 Dossier
The turnover of Calabrian organised crime is just under 44 billion. There have been almost 14,000 reports of ‘Ndrangheta-related crimes, 507 acts of intimidation against the socio-economic and political fabric, 10 per cent of municipalities have been dissolved due to mafia infiltration, and over 1,150 properties and businesses have been confiscated. Between 1992 and 2007, a total of more than €5.2 billion worth of assets were confiscated from all criminal organisations in Italy, of which about €231 million came from the ‘ndrine network. These are some of the figures that emerge from the ‘Ndrangheta 2008 Dossier produced by Eurispes.
We have defined it “Holding” because the ‘Ndrangheta seems, more than any other criminal organisation, to act in terms of business: like a company that holds the majority of the shares of many other satellite companies, the ‘ndrine feed it and make up its complex network structure. Paradoxically, it is precisely through this capacity to create networks that the ‘Ndrangheta survives and extends, branching out, running on the edge of the opportunities offered by the globalised world. Presently, the ‘Ndrangheta appears as an absolutely worrying manifestation of organised crime, above all, with regard to its territorial rooting. Furthermore, year after year, it is capable of adopting, different forms and strategies, almost chameleon-like, always more difficult to monitor and, in the ultimate analysis, to impede.
The turnover of the ‘Ndrangheta Holding: 2.9% of the Italian GDP in 2007
The homicides in Calabria: 1 out of 4 is mafia-related
The denunciation for mafia association in terms of demography
The activity of Mafia fight between interceptions, confiscation of goods and properties and precautionary custody orders
Crime map: 131 gangs operating in Calabria
The ‘Ndrangheta: diffusion and contrast in the perception of the Calabrians
The Mafia Penetration Index (MPI)