White Paper on Telecommunications (1995)

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The 1980s were characterised as the decade of privatisation, or rather the sale of public companies and the withdrawal of the state from control of entire sectors of the economy. Italy only participated in this general trend throughout the decade with a long and inconclusive debate. Although the European Community, with the Maastricht Treaty, had mapped out the path for progressive transformation into the European Union, the European ban on granting state aid to companies to avoid undermining competition precipitated the financial crisis of the management bodies state shareholdings. A further complicating factor for the privatisation process was the structure of our economic system. The urgency of a radical reorganisation of the telecommunications sector, its centrality in the production system, and its close link with the future development of the state participations being dismantled made it a test case for the transformation of the Italian industrial system. Moreover, the telecommunications sector has been more or less everywhere in western countries among those most affected by privatisation processes and hence by the redefinition of the presence and role of the public authorities, giving rise to a series of transformations of enormous relevance also in terms of public law.

This content is also available in: Italian


This content is also available in: Italian



Chapter 1. Problems of Italian telecommunications privatisation and market liberalisation

The genesis of privatisation

The financial system

Telecommunications between liberalisation and privatisation

Telecommunications in Italy

Price-cap problems

The Italian price-cap

Tlc privatisation in Italy



Chapter 2. The telecommunications system in Italy: legal aspects and institutional figures in transformation

Privatisation in the 1980s

The TLC system in the major western countries

The origin of the entity system in Italy

Italian regulations on privatisation

Competition and guarantees: institutional models and prospects

The Competition Authority




Chapter 3. Telecommunications in Europe


The world scenario

The corporate structure of telecommunications operators in EEC countries

EEC regulations

EEC policy

Institution of ETSI

The Tlc market

The manufacturing supply of telecommunications equipment

Approvals of terminal equipment

Mobile radio

International telephone traffic and telephone pirates

Telecommunications control and tariff setting


Chapter 4. Telecommunications in Italy

International traffic

Automatic traffic

New services

International traffic by operator

Circuit rental

Automatic national traffic

National traffic via operator

Public telephony


Radiomaritime services


Chapter 5. Tariffs in telecommunications

The tariff problem in tlc services

Telephone users

Tariff policy

Subscription charges

Local call tariffs

Intercity traffic

Facilitated tariff conditions for residential users with low telephone traffic provided for by the Ministerial Decree of 16 March 1994

International tariffs

Mobile telephony

Effects of tariff policy

Telephone traffic

User expenditure


Chapter 6. New means of transmission and communication


Cable transmissions – The English case

Alternative Cable Experiences in Great Britain

Business TV

Pay TV in Europe

The battle of the satellites

Digital sound





Chapter 7. TLC through the press

Telecommunications in the press

Market liberalisation and privatisation: which path?

European authority: which path?

Regulation in European countries

The US experience

The debate on liberalisation in Italy

The liberalisation of the Italian mobile telephony market: the case of mobile phones

Telecommunications privatisation in Italy

Towards a common project: European communication standards

Organisational restructuring and staff retraining




The interviewees

Gianfranco BRUNI PRATO




Peter H. GOOLD






This content is also available in: Italian

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