Italian families facing crisis, needs and new demographic trends (2004)
The new definition of protection and welfare systems is taking on rather complex features that are difficult to regulate in a negative economic situation, with a welfare model that is becoming increasingly residual and selective. The poverty risk is widening and the causes are many: the progressive withdrawal of welfare, the vertical drop in the quality of services, the transformation of the labour market that imposes a new social Darwinism, the impoverishment of the middle classes constrained to protect themselves, for the first time in decades, from the danger of a pressing proletarianisation. The Eurispes dossier shows, among other things, that Italy devotes barely 0.9% of its national income to family policies. All the other EU-15 countries spend much more on the family, including Portugal and the Netherlands, which devote 1.2 per cent of their GDP to family policies.
The demographic composition of Italian households
Characteristics of the Italian family
Marriage: the only way to start a family?
Yesterday’s family and today’s family
How many we are and how many we will be
Poor households and households at risk of poverty
The accounts do not add up
Stories of ordinary poverty
Family policies: more than money
Public Expenditure on the Family
Work and family: the difficult reconciliation
The French Model
The emergency of the lonely and dependent elderly