The social and economic impact of the Livorno port system on the territory (2003)

In the European Union, the transport sector is worth EUR 1 000 billion, generates more than 10% of GDP and employs more than 10 million people. By 2010, passenger traffic in the European Union will increase by 24%, freight traffic by 38%, with a probable 50% increase in heavy goods vehicle traffic on the roads. The consequence is a European giant traffic congestion. The problem of congestion is therefore a major one. So much so that the European Commission has calculated that 0.5% of Europe’s gross domestic product is lost each year due to traffic jams alone, and if appropriate measures are not taken, this phenomenon will account for 1% of GDP in 2010. These figures, contained in the research on the evolution of Italian and Mediterranean ports, carried out by Eurispes in collaboration with the Livorno Port Authority, show how the situation risks being unsustainable for the road transport category itself, but above all for the entire global economy, given the already high level of infrastructure saturation and increasingly low commercial volumes. Consequently, there is a need to strengthen combined transport and, above all, the Italian sea routes and ports.





The general framework


Chapter 1

Marine transport systems and the growth of Mediterranean ports

The port and its transformations

The French port system

Spanish ports: the ports of Algeciras, Barcelona and Valencia

Inter-Mediterranean traffic

Prospects for the future development of the Mediterranean

Real and virtual flows

1994: the year of the port reform

The Mediterranean reality


Chapter 2

The Italian scenario

Freight transport and logistics

The Italian scenario

The main Italian ports

The Tyrrhenian Corridor



The Livorno port system


Chapter 3

The port of Livorno: descriptive elements

The port of Livorno: descriptive elements

The traffic of goods and passengers at the port of Livorno

The main Italian competitors and some possible development trajectories of the port system of Livorno

Space as a critical factor for the success of the port: the role of Iterporto A. Vespucci di Livorno-Guasticce and the realisation of the Piattaforma Logistica dell’Alto Tirreno


Chapter 4

Work cultures and training needs in the “port system

The development of the maritime sector in Europe and in Italy: strengths and opportunities

The sea economy and the labour market: guidelines and development prospects for Livorno

A new management culture

The actors and the port work cycle: stable and dynamic professionalism

A new pool of employment and professional training

Analysis of professional figures in the port: some training proposals


Chapter 5

Environment and quality in the Port of Livorno

The need to improve performance in terms of safety, environmental protection and quality in ports

Quality as a requirement to guarantee greater satisfaction of the population, tourists and port clients

The response to the port of Livorno’s safety, environmental protection and quality needs

The advantages of integrated management of the port of Livorno

The environmental impacts of navigation and the pollution of the sea and coastlines


Chapter 6

Combined transport, logistics and motorways of the sea

Combined transport, motorways of the sea

The European White Paper

The General Transport Plan

The situation of the various modes


Road transport

Road-sea transport

Delivery times, critical points and bottlenecks

Tariff policy

Critical points and constraints

The port of Livorno

The Tibre and the development of the logistics system

Interport A. Vespucci of Livorno-Guasticce

Integration between ports and logistics and distribution systems


Chapter 7

The impact of the Port of Livorno on the Livorno economy

Activities within the port of Livorno

The effects of current activity

The effects of investment activities


Appendix A: Irpet’s multiregional model

Appendix B: Basic data: the port’s workforce

Appendix C: The direct and indirect effects of port production

Appendix D: The port of Livorno: the results of the analysis using Irpet’s input-output model


Chapter 8

The port and the territory. Sample survey on the citizens of Livorno

Methodological notes

The significance of the port in the perception of the Livornians

The positioning of Livorno in the port hierarchy

Port work

The role of the Port Authority

Possible intervention hypotheses


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