When crime is profitable: food fraud and adulteration (1994)

This content is also available in: Italian

 

The world of food and food products has always been characterised by manipulation and adulteration practices to make natural substances and food products eatable, preserving them for longer or shorter periods and increasing their taste and enjoyment. Other operations of manipulation and falsification of fake food, aimed at making profits by deceiving the food buyers, also have very ancient origins. Italy, since 1963, has set up a specialised structure to identify and prosecute illicit and criminal initiatives that may take place in the production and sale of food products, the Nucleo Antisofisticazioni e Sanità dei Carabinieri (NAS). The investigation aims to outline the Italian situation in the fight against adulteration, fraud and forgery in food production. In particular, the following were studied: the fight against illegal and criminal activities in the food sector, criminal proceedings initiated by the Judicial Authorities for offences connected with the production and sale of food products, criminal sentences against producers and traders convicted of such crimes, sentences that have become final, irrevocable judgements relating to offences other than the violations already analysed, convicted companies and the penalties and benefits granted. The study shows that the picture of adulteration, food fraud and falsification is generally complex and varied in Italy.

This content is also available in: Italian

Index

This content is also available in: Italian

Contents

 

Lawful and unlawful food manipulation

 

The fight against illegal and criminal activities in the food sector

 

Criminal proceedings initiated by the Judicial Authority for offences related to the production and sale of foodstuffs

 

Criminal sentences against producers and traders convicted of “food fraud and adulteration” offences

 

Irrevocable judgements

 

Types of offences

 

Convicted companies

 

Penalties and benefits granted

This content is also available in: Italian


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