Costs and benefits of the application of European Safety and Health Standards in SMEs (1997)

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The entry into force of DDL 626/94 means completing a formal adaptation of the Italian safety model to the European one. Moreover,  it involves issues the competitiveness of our production compared to foreign ones. This report aims to provide the key to understanding the accident phenomenon in Italy in the decade 1985-1994, which can also be used for future analyses. The work has been structured in four parts: the first, divided into six chapters, is devoted to analysing the trend of accidents at work and occupational diseases in Italy. The second is split into three chapters and compares Italy with three European countries (France, Germany and Great Britain) over 1981-1993. The third part concerns the identification of the path followed by the legislative interventions and the fundamental theories that inspired them, together with a comparative analysis of the legislation in force in the main EU countries. Finally, the fourth part consists of a collection of the opinions of some of the essential figures capable of outlining a complete picture of the factors that contribute to – or limit – the application of 626. The report ends with a statistical appendix in which the data analysed in the previous chapters are set out in a more extensive and comprehensive form.

This content is also available in: Italian

Index

This content is also available in: Italian

Contents

 

 

Volume I

Introduction

 

Part One: Italy

 

Methodological premise

 

Data

 

INAIL’s survey methodology

 

The data collection methodology

 

The quantities representing the accident phenomenon

 

The dynamics of the accident phenomenon from 1985 to 1994: socio-economic aspects

 

Accidents by the economic sector

 

Agriculture

 

Services

 

Industry

 

Government sector data

 

Analysis by industry group

 

Manufacturing activity

 

Construction

 

Energy

 

Mining and quarrying

 

Transport

 

Occupational diseases

 

Sectoral comparisons

 

Types of illness in industry and services

 

The territorial distribution of accidents

 

Territorial analysis by production sectors

 

The regions: accident figures

 

 

 

Final remarks

 

 

 

Part Two: The main European countries

 

 

 

Preface

 

 

 

Welfare and employment protection in Europe

 

European models of social protection

 

European models of labour protection

 

The Italian System

 

The French System

 

The German system

 

Accident trends and comparison: four countries in comparison

 

Data characteristics

 

Quantitative analysis

 

 

 

Statistical appendix

 

 

 

Volume II

 

 

 

Part Three: The legal framework

 

 

 

International sources on safety at work. The Community framework before Directive 89/391

 

Safety at work international sources

 

The ILO Conventions

 

The other international sources: The European Social Charter

 

Community sources before directive 89/391. European social policy and occupational safety programmes

 

Safety at work and Community sources. The genesis of directive 89/391 and its content.

 

The EEC policy line on safety at work

 

The origin of Directive 89/391. The opinion of the Economic and Social Council

 

The content of Directive 89/391

 

The employer’s obligations: outline of the main provisions of Directive 89/391

 

The obligations that are foreseen for workers

 

The Italian constitutional and regulatory sources on safety at work. Legislation and regulatory apparatus before the enactment of Legislative Decree 626/1994

 

Introduction

 

The legal definition of an accident at work in the Italian legal system

 

The constitutional sources: art. 32, 38 and 41 Cost.

 

Article 2087 of the Civil Code

 

The Workers’ Statute: the prescription of art. 9

 

The genesis of the Italian legislation before the Legislative Decree 626/199

 

Legislative Decree no. 626 of 19/9/1994. Principles, the content of general rules, areas of application

 

Generalities

 

The scope of application of Legislative Decree 626/1994. The subjects and parts of the legislation

 

Content of the safety obligation according to the provisions of Legislative Decree 626/1994

 

The obligations for employers

 

The obligations for workers

 

Prevention and protection service

 

Fires, collective emergencies and first aid

 

The competent doctor

 

Worker participation and consultation: the workers’ safety representative

 

Machinery and work equipment

 

Provisions on individual protection equipment

 

Sanctions

 

 

Legislative Decree no. 626 of 19/9/1994. Special rules on prevention and safety at work

 

Work safety rules for activities involving the handling of loads

 

Workers at video terminals

 

Protection from carcinogenic agents

 

Protection from biological agents

 

Standards for public administration

 

The provisions of the annexes. General remarks

 

 

Part four: In-depth interviews

 

 

Introduction

 

Methodological framework

 

Introduction for the reader

 

 

 

Bibliography

 

 

 

 

This content is also available in: Italian


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