The North’ s malaise (1999)
The history of the Italian Republic is in many ways linked to the history of the South. From the 1980s onwards, the failure of southern policies became inextricably linked to the crisis of the parties and the increasingly evident spectre of the deficit chasm. In this context, the protest against the party system and ‘Roman’ policies saw the explosion of a Northern question. It is, therefore, the problem of the transition from an industrial to a post-industrial economic system, together with the crisis of the large factory model. Alongside and in competition with the mythical north-west of the industrial triangle, the central role of the North-East emerged. And the phenomenon of the ‘Lega’ was born. In the transition from the first to the second republic, together with the attack on the parties, seen as an expression of the centralist model of the state, the trend towards federalism began to gain momentum. The liberal, anti-state and federalist wind also took the form of anti-southernism. In the meantime, the image of a Country articulated in several different areas, with their specificities, emerged rather than the image of an Italy traditionally divided in two, along the North/South axis.
Malaise and quality of life
North and South: the reasons for a stereotype
The North East
The North West
Final remarks: the complementarities of the territorial macro-areas