Agromafia. 3rd Report on agrifood crimes in Italy 2015

In contrast to the Italian economic recession, the agri-food business is booming
Production, distribution and sales are increasingly infiltrated and influenced by criminal power, which is now carried out in sophisticated forms through finance, cross-breeding and intertwining of companies, the conquest of prestigious brands, the conditioning of the market, the imposition of the same consumption models and the orientation of scientific research activities. There are no ‘free zones’ with respect to these phenomena. On the other hand, it is clear that the Mafias continue to operate in their territories of origin, because it is through the control of the territory that wealth, alliances and consensus are produced: especially in the South of Italy, which is forced to add to the traditional poverty, the effects of a heavy and deep economic crisis, aggravated by the systematically operate an illegal exploitation of resources operated by the criminal powers. The capital accumulated on the territory by agro-criminals through a thousand forms of exploitation and illegality need channels, they must be put to good use and therefore reach the cities – in Italy and abroad – where it is easier to make their presence anonymous and where they can blend in, infecting entire sections of the healthy economy. They are taken over, through nominees and compliant intermediaries, businesses, hotels, public establishments and commercial activities, especially in the distribution sector of the agri-food chain, creating, in fact, a vicious circle: I produce, transport, distribute, sell, fully realising the slogan ‘from producer to consumer’.
This is what emerges from the third Agromafie Report drawn up by Eurispes, Coldiretti and the Observatory on Crime in Agriculture and the Agrifood System.

Index

Agromafie. 3rd report on agro-food crimes

Contents

Introduction
Money dirtying, or when the mafia pays, by Gian Carlo Caselli and Gian Maria Fara

ITALIAN STORIES
The strange case of the annoying Xylella
EU Pilot 5938/2013 – A story of ordinary, crazy bureaucracy
Centro Agroalimentare di Roma and the danger of criminal penetration

CHAPTER 1 – IDENTITY IN DANGER
Agri-food products of international origin: data from the Customs Agency
The catering sector in the crosshairs of the mafias
Operation “Burla Dop” against the sophisticators of buffalo mozzarella campana Dop
Fraud and theft: the consequences of the “Black Gold” shortage
The risks of the Net
The debate on GMOs: illegality, tolerance, bad science
Investing in the future of agriculture: access to bank credit

CHAPTER 2- ITALY, EUROPE AND THE INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO
European comparison on the organisation of prevention and repression systems. The weakness of the police in European countries compared to the Italian one
Recognition of the type of offences identified in Italy and those identified in other European countries
The shortcomings of European legislation Inadequacy of ancillary measures and disqualification of economic activities: substantial impunity for those who harm health and the environment
The WTO. China has been admitted to the WTO without the obligation to respect its rules. Reciprocity is lacking
China’s conquest of Africa
Internationalisation: networking to be competitive. Funding for the promotion of the agri-food industry
Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

CHAPTER 3 – CRIME IN THE TERRITORY
Organised and economic crime in the agri-food sector
The falsification of Italian products continues to grow: “Do it yourself” wine
CASE STUDIES
Assault on food: the “risk” of 0 km
Adulteration to obtain fruit and vegetables out of season
The underground economy in agriculture

CHAPTER 4 – CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES. PREVENTION AND CONTRAST
Criminal infiltration of the agri-food sector. Activities of the Guardia di Finanza SCICO
Operational activities carried out by the State Forestry Corps for agri-food safety
Central Inspectorate for the Protection of Quality and Frauds Repression of Agri-Food Products

CONCLUSIONS – AGRIFOOD MAFIAS AND JUDICIAL RESPONSE

Introduzione

In contrast to the Italian economic recession, the agri-food business is booming

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