Agromafie. 1st Report on Agro-food Crimes (2011)

Presented by Eurispes and Coldiretti, the 1st Report on agri-food crimes in Italy tackles for the first time the phenomenon of organised crime, which operates in the agri-food sector, creating a real parallel business, and ends up arriving on the tables of Italians by increasing prices and reducing the quality of the products purchased by consumers, while at the same time damaging companies committed to guaranteeing the high standards of Made in Italy food products. The reinvestment of illicit income also in the agri-food sector, has as a corollary the conditioning of free economic initiative through fraudulent activities such as the undue receipt of national and EU funding, but also the implementation of extortionate practices, imposing the hiring of labour and, in some cases, forcing the operators in the sector to purchase the means of production from persons close to criminal organisations, then influencing the selling prices.  The results obtained by the Police Forces show how the entire agri-food sector is characterised by criminal phenomena linked to smuggling, counterfeiting and adulteration of food and agricultural products and their guaranteed brands, but also by the phenomenon of ‘caporalato’, which involves the exploitation of illegal farm labourers, resulting in tax and social security evasion.

The idea, the project and the commitment proposed by Coldiretti to fight this kind of situation is the creation of an agricultural supply chain, Italian and signed. In this way, the pact of trust that you are sure to build with consumers would be able to bring Italian agriculture back to a leading place in the economic landscape and within the chain, with noticeable positive economic and image effects, not only for agriculture itself but for all operators involved or interested in the agri-food chain.

The 1st Report on agri-food crimes in Italy was made possible thanks to the scientific contribution of Coldiretti, Ismea, the Carabinieri, the Guardia di Finanza, the State Forestry Corps, the National Anti-Mafia Prosecutor’s Office and the Customs Agency. Special thanks for their valuable contribution to the research are due to: Raffaele Guariniello, Gennaro Marasca, Vincenzo Macrì, Antonio D’Amato, Giovanni Conzo. Eurispes would also like to thank: the Transfrontier Inspection Posts, the Maritime, Air and Border Health Offices, the Uvacs, the ASLs (inspection activities), Arpa, the Experimental Zooprophylactic Institutes, the Central Inspectorate for the protection of quality and fraud repression of agri-food products, Olaf.



“The Things of Cosa loro”: History of Agromafie in Italy

Chapter I – The Categories of Fake Made in Italy
Italy’s Agro-Food Trade
The Numbers of Fake Made in Italy: Italian Sounding
Food Counterfeiting: Beyond Italian Sounding, the empty jars of the agri-food industry
Imports of organic farming products from third countries
Criticality of foreign trade data: right to privacy vs. right to food safety
51 billion euros stolen from real Made in Italy every year
12.5 billion euro, the turnover of the Agromafia
Consequences of the affirmation of fake Made in Italy on the territory and for society
Large-scale distribution as a place for recycling fake Made in Italy products
Fakes and food frauds: orientations and guidelines of jurisprudence and training of judges
Agri-food offences: supervisory activities and administrative liability

Chapter II – Territory and enterprises towards the short supply chain “Multifunctional” agriculture
Distinctiveness in agriculture as a strength of the territory
An Italian and signed supply chain
Slowness in the recognition of short supply chain projects

Chapter III – Tools for the defence of the real territorial “Made in” products
From customs protectionism to cultural protectionism
Establishment of a civil action: role of Coldiretti
Collective actions in defence of consumers: the role of Campagna amica
Security and voluntary work: the “Yellow patrols”.

Chapter IV – Organised crime activities in the agri-food sector
Tools and control techniques used by organised crime
Market and price racket
Fraud against Community and national funds
Types of offences connected with the agro-mafia phenomenon as seen through some recent court cases

Chapter V – The network of controls to protect agri-environmental and agri-food safety
The activity of the Guardia di Finanza
The activity of the Carabinieri Corps
The Carabinieri’s Health Protection Command
The Carabinieri Command for Agricultural and Food Policies
The Carabinieri Environmental Protection Command
The activities of the State Forestry Corps
The Cross-Border Inspection Posts (BIPs)
The Maritime, Air and Frontier Health Offices (Usmaf)
Veterinary Offices for the Fulfilment of Community Obligations (Uvac)
The inspection activity of the ASLs
The analytical activities of the Regional Environmental Protection Agencies and the Experimental Zooprophylactic Institutes (IZS)
Central Inspectorate for the protection of quality and fraud repression of agri-food products
The necessary coordination of control bodies in the agri-food chain
Bitter Land




The criminal’s hands on agriculture and Italian-made products

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